The present work, vivada-ratnakara, is the first of candesvara Thakkura’s code of smriti Ratnakaras. It was first published in the bibliotheca Indica series in 1887 and the present edition is an improvement up in the same. The author composed six other ratnakaras on smrti Krtya-ratnakara Grhastha-ratnakara, suddhi-ratnakaras, Dana ratnakaras, Puja ratnakaras, and vyavahara-ratnakara and one ratnakaras on polity Rajaniti ratnakara. Of the above Krtya ratnakaras and Grhastha-ratnakara were edited by the present editor and published in the Bibliotheca Indica Series in 1925 and 1928 respectively. Rajaniti-ratnakaa was published by the Bihar and Orissa research Society in 1924.
The history of the author, candesvara thakkura, has been dealt with by the present editor in his preface of krtya ratnakara. The salient facts are reproduced below.
The author was a Brahmin of Mithila and flourished in the first half of the fourteenth century when the Karnataka dynasty was reigning supreme in Mithila. He held the hereditary post of minister to King Harasimhadeva of that dynasty.
The concluding verse of the present work enlightens us about the author’s age. It purports that candesvara ‘performed the rite of tulapurusha dana on the banks of the Bagmati in the bright half of the month of Pausha in the year 1236 of the Saka era (December 1314 or January 1315 A.D.)
The present treatise is concerned as the name indicates with disputes either civil or eriminal. There are hundred chapters in all in the present work, the civil portion of which deals with inheritance which is now good law, and with other civil matters concerning which the prescriptions have now been superseded by the territorial Acts of British India. The subject of inheritance also contains a description of the thirteen kinds of sons with their relative rights of heritability.