The book Khandanakhandakhadya composedby Shri Harsha-who wrote probably beforethe eight century-is the most famous andimportant treatise of the Vedanta. As its nameimplies, destructive criticism, of the mostthrough going kind. The thesis upon which theentire work is based is that nothing can beexplained-neither any factor or worldlyphenomena nor the ultra-phenomenalconsciousness of Brahman. All is inexplicableanirvachniyam, no adequate explanation canbe provided of anything. In fact so throughgoing is the 'in explicability' propounded thatour author in denying the reality of Word alsoas a means of cognition; and yet, it is uponVedic texts that he bases his notion ofnon-duality. The author has adopted, is tosubmit the definitions which the Logiciansgives of the main categories and maincognitional activities, to a criticalinvestigation, which leads to the results thatall those definitions are found to suffer frominner contradictions and hence untenable. The‘arguments of refutation’ begin with therefutation of the Logicians explanation of theRight Cognition. Every one of the definitionsproposed by several writers on Nyaya is takenup, examined and found defective. Similarrefutations follow of-Apprehension,Recognition, Remembrance, the severalkinds of Negation Instrument in general andInstrument of Cognition in particular,Operation in general, Perception, Non-apprehension as a means of cognition and thedifferent Fallacies of inference. With this endsthe first chapter, Chapter II contains similarrefutations of some of the more 'Clinchers'postulated by the Naiyayika. Chapter IIIshows the absurdity involved in the putting ofany such questions-What is the proof of theexistence of God? Chapter IV
Continues the refutation of the Nyayacategories of Existence, Non-Existence,Qualification, Substance, Quality,Community, Eternality, Individuality,Relations, Substratum, the conceptions of'above' and 'below', there relations of Subjectand Object, Differences, the notion ofCausality, Destruction and Prior Negation,Doubt, the notion of contradiction between‘existence; and 'non-existence'’ andHypothetical Reasoning.
This is the only English translation of this work.
**Contents and Sample Pages**