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Sri Bhakti Sandarbha (Volume 1) Srila Jiva Gosvami: Bhakti is the complete methodology (Anuccheda 1-178)

Sri Bhakti Sandarbha (Volume 1) Srila Jiva Gosvami: Bhakti is the complete methodology (Anuccheda 1-178)



  • Dimensions:8.5'X5.5'
  • Edition:2005
  • Author:Bruce MartinDr. Satya Narayana Dasa
  • Publisher:Jiva Institute, Vrindavan
  • ISBN:8187153709
  • Cover Type:Hardcover
  • Number of Pages:575
  • About the Book:

    Bhakti Sandarbha is the fifth book of the Six Sandarbhas. It offers a thorough analysis of Bhakti, or devotion, on the basis of Srimad Bhagavatam. Jiva Gosvami states that the Bhagavatam prescribes Bhakti as the most efficacious and universal process (abhidheya) for realizing the absolute. Bhakti has never been established as abhidheya so systematically and emphatically as in this book. Earlier Bhakti was generally considered as one among various spiritual processes, including karma-yoga, jnana-yoga and astanga-yoga. Moreover it was usually regarded as a precursor to jnana, which ultimately leads to liberation. Rarely was Bhakti viewed as an independent process. In contrast to this, Jiva Gosvami asserts that Bhakti is the complete abhidheya, and as such all other processes become futile when bereft of devotion. Other practices have enduring significance only through contact with devotion. Even realization of Brahman is possible only by the grace of Bhakti. Bhakti is the most blissful process both in practice and in perfection.

    About the Author:

    Dr. Satya Narayana Dasa earned his graduate degrees, B. Tech. & M. Tech. In engineering, from IIT Delhi, and worked as a software engineer in USA for a few years.

    He gave up a promising carrier in this field to pursue the inner quest for truth. He studied Sanskrit and the six systems of Indian philosophy under various traditional Gurus in Vrndavana. He also studied the entire range of Gaudiya Vaisnava literature from his Guru. Sri Haridas Sastri, one of the eminent scholars and saints of India.

    Dr. Satya Narayana Dasa (PhD. Sanskrit) founded Jiva Institute to promote Vedic culture, philosophy and ayurveda through education. He regularly gives classes on Gaudiya Vaisnava literature, and has authored many books on the subject. He has contributed to the twenty-five volume work brought out by the project of history of Indian science, philosophy and culture.

    Bruce Martin has been studying the systems of Indian philosophy, especially that of the Chaitanya School, for over twenty-five years. Besides English, he is conversant in French, Sanskrit, Bengali and Hindi. He has translated and edited several Vaisnava works, including Bhagavad-gita, Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu-bindu, Siksastaka and Mana-siksa. He is well read in both modern and traditional systems of philosophy and is particularly concerned with bringing out the relevance of ancient wisdom traditions for modern practitioners.

    Back of Book:

    How is it that the living being
    who is trapped in a material body
    created by his own karma is a
    part of the unlimited Lord?

    This is described in the verse by the compound abahirantara-samvaranam, meaning that in reality the living being is devoid of external and internal coverings. It is covered only by the designations with which it identifies. Therefore the living being is exclusively a part of the Lord, who is also devoid of all coverings. Knowing this truth, that the living being characterized above is by nature under the shelter of the Lord and that the Lord is his very life, the learned, being full of faith, worship only the Lord's feet.

    Therefore, although the jivas are eternally under the Lord's shelter, they experience material misery because their attention is directed towards the world of material phenomena and away from the Lord. The material miseries sun away of their own accord when one turns one's attention towards the Lord. This is the significance of the word abhavam, ''in which there is no existence of the material world,'' which also qualifies the Lord's feet. This means that when one turns to the Lord, material existence comes to an end.


    Abbreviations ix
    Abbreviations (Devanagari) x
    Introduction xxiii
    Chapter 1
    Criteria for a Complete Methodology (Anu 1-120)
    A methodology for realization of the Absolute
    (Anu 1-9)
    Anu 1 Review of the principles of sambandha 17
    Ignorance is the cause of bondage 18
    Instructions are for those in ignorance 19
    The need for a methodology and goal 20
    Shifting awareness towards the Absolute is the methodology 21
    Anu 2 Bhakti is the methodology that cuts bondage 22
    Anu 3 Bhakti is the complete method of focusing on the Absolute 23
    Bhakti is the supreme duty of humanity 24
    Anu 4 Knowledge and detachment follow in the wake of bhakti 26
    Anu 5 Dharma is fruitful only when it leads to bhakti 26
    Anu 6 Dharma is meant for ultimate liberation, known as bhakti 28
    Universal referent for the Absolute 29
    Anu 7 Bhakti bestows complete realization of the Absolute 30
    Anu 8 Bhakti is the supreme fruit of duty 31
    Anu 9 Suta advocates direct bhakti 32
    The ease of devotion: Five stages of progression
    (Anu 10-17)
    Anu 10 A taste for hearing topics of the Absolute-the first step in bhakti 38
    Anu 11 Association of devotees leads to taste in hearing 39
    Anu 12 Hearing uproots unwanted desire from the heart 40
    Anu 13 Becoming established in devotional fixity 40
    Anu 14 Spiritual awareness illumines the heart 41
    Anu 15 Direct experience of the Absolute 41
    Anu 16 Side-effects of awakening 42
    Anu 17 Devotion is the activity of the awakened 43
    Devotion intended for Sri Krsna, the complete
    whole (Anu 18-32)
    Disregard for the worship of other gods (Anu 18-20)
    Anu 18 Brahma and Siva promote rajas and tamas 59
    Visnu alone promotes sattva 60
    Krsna's form is pure sattva 61
    Anu 19 Worship of other gods is for those with desire 61
    Anu 20 Worship of other gods conducted under rajas and tamas 62
    Devotion is meant for the entity who embodies complete
    synthesis (Anu 21-32)
    Anu 21 All scripture culminates in the worship of Krsna 62
    Anu 22 Krsna is the complete synthesis 64
    Anu 23 Awareness without devotion lacks beauty 64
    Desireless action without devotion is stripped of beauty 65
    Bhakti is all-auspicious, even if not completed 65
    Anu 24 Devotion unto Ultimate Reality is existential methodology 67
    Anu 25 Devotion is meant for the master and Soul of all 67
    Anu 26 Devotion is meant for the witness of all phenomena 68
    Meditation on the cosmos culminates in worship of Narayana 69
    The Lord is the agent even of dreams 69
    Anu 27 Meditation on the cosmos is advised until devotion manifests 70
    Anu 28 Jnana: the path of immediate liberation 71
    Yoga: the path of gradual liberation 71
    Bhakti: the path of true liberation 71
    Anu 29 Devotion is the essence of all the Vedas 72
    Only the complete whole can synthesize all the Vedas 73
    Anu 30 Devotion awakens love for Sri Krsna 73
    Anu 31 Bhakti is the methodology even for those with desire 74
    Anu 32 Bhakti is the supreme fruit of the worship of other gods 76
    Life without devotion is meaningless (Anu 33-40) 82
    Anu 33 Devotion transcends the debilitating effects of time 82
    Anu 34-35 Human life devoid of significance when stripped of devotion 82
    Anu 36-40 Bodily limbs lose their splendor without devotion 83
    Meditation on the cosmos leads to Visnu-bhakti 85
    Bhakti is the topic of discussion between teacher and student in the Bhagavata (Anu 41-94) 136
    Brahma instructs Narada in bhakti (Anu 41-42)
    Anu 41 Brahma's ecstacy to disclose the Lord's pastimes 136
    Anu 42 Narayana is the ultimate destination 137
    Maitreya and Vidura discuss bhakti (Anu 43-45)
    Anu 43 Bhakti is the path of joy 138
    Anu 44 Bhakti is the easy path of transcendence 138
    Anu 45 Devotees bring virtue to their environment 139
    Kapila teaches the yoga of devotion (Anu 46-47)
    Anu 46 Bhakti is the best path for the yogis 139
    Anu 47 Bhakti confers equanimity of mind 140
    The Kumaras advocate bhakti to Prthu (Anu 48-49)
    Anu 48 Bhakti cuts the knot of karma 140
    Anu 49 Prthu practiced jnana only as a component of bhakti 141
    Rudra spoke of bhakti to the Pracetas (Anu 50)
    Anu 50 Dedications of mind and speech to Lord Hari 142
    Narada instructed the Pracetas on bhakti (Anu 51-52)
    Anu 51 All faculties meant for the Soul of all beings 143
    Krsna is the Soul of all beings 144
    Anu 52 Devotion is meant for the root of all existence 145
    Rsabhadeva instructs his sons in devotion;
    Jada Bharata instructs King Rahugana (Anu 53-54)
    Anu 53 Devotees have no goal other than bhakti 145
    Anu 54 Association of devotees is the fruit of human life 146
    Sarikarsana instructs King Citraketu; Prahlada instructs
    his schoolmates (Anu 55-57)
    Anu 55 Jnana recommended only as an instrument to bhakti 147
    Bhakti is the significance of human life 147
    All practices are meaningful when they assist devotion 148
    Anu 56 Bhakti is the best method of uprooting karma 149
    Anu 57 Bhakti continues for those who have transcended karma 149
    Narada instructs King Yudhisthira (Anu 58)
    Anu 58 Lord Hari is the root of all dharma 150
    The self finds completion only through bhakti 151
    Dharma is not the cause of bhakti 151
    Bhakti is distinct from dharma 152
    The nine Yogendras instruct King Nimi (Anu 59-65)
    Anu 59 Bhakti is ultimate welfare 153
    Anu 60 Bhakti is a continuity 154
    Anu 61 Bhakti is direct glorification of the Lord 156
    Anu 62 The Vedas teach in a concealed manner 156
    Karma prescribed for those lacking knowledge and faith 158
    Naiskarmya: The gradual path of freedom from karma 159
    Bhakti: The immediate path of freedom from karma 160
    Anu 63 Worship of the Supreme Lord is the sole requirement 161
    Anu 64 All varnas are meant to worship the Lord 162
    Devotees surpass all obstacles 162
    Degradation ensues from non-devotion 163
    Anu 65 The Lord is worshiped in all ages 163
    Krsna and Uddhava discuss bhakti (Anu 66-85)
    Anu 66 Devotees abandon attachment through devotion 164
    Devotees are distinguished from jnanis 164
    Anu 67 Awareness cannot be perfected without devotion 165
    Anu 68-69 Vedic utterances devoid of lila-katha are of no value 166
    Anu 70 Awareness is effective when it leads to devotion 168
    Anu 71 Where jnana fails bhakti succeeds 169
    Anu 72 Pure devotion free from jnana 170
    Anu 73-74 Faith develops through association and taste 171
    Anu 75 Ascertaining the true path of ultimate welfare 172
    Anu 76-77 Why different interpretations of the Veda exist 173
    Anu 78-79 Subsidiary processes do not yield ultimate welfare 174
    Anu 80 Bhakti alone brings ultimate welfare 174
    Anu 81 Renunciation automatically follows devotion 175
    Anu 82 Freedom from bondage through devotion 176
    Anu 83 Jnana and vairagya not generally beneficial 176
    Anu 84 All fruits available through devotion 177
    Desire for fruit as an instrument to devotion 178
    Anu 85 The unique result of bhakti 179
    Sri Suka prescribed bhakti to King Pariksit (Anu 86)
    Anu 86 Hearing is primary methodology 180
    Suta taught bhakti to Saunaka (Anu 87-92)
    Anu 87 Knowledge without devotion is a limitation 185
    Anu 88 Conventional religion yields only material wealth 185
    Anu 89 Bhakti awards transcendence 186
    Anu 90 Devotion is the highest fortune 186
    Anu 91 Devotion arouses eagerness 187
    Anu 92 Bhakti is discussed by all teachers in the Bhagavata 188
    Bhakti is the methodology given in other dialogues
    of the Bhagavata (Anu 92-94)
    Anu 92 Bhakti is the supreme duty of humanity 189
    Anu 93 Bhakti is the path of fearlessness 189
    Anu 94 Bhakti is the fruit of hearing scripture 189
    Bhakti is the culmination of all methods (Anu 95-105) 209
    Anu 95 All duties culminate in devotion 209
    Anu 96 Devotion includes awareness 210
    Anu 97 Bhakti is the source of all perfection 211
    Anu 98 Bhakti is independent of all methods 213
    Bhakti awards the supreme fruit 214
    Anu 99 Success in bhakti is assured, not in karma 215
    Anu 100 Inauspiciousness never ensues from devotion 217
    Devotion promotes an outcast beyond brahmanism 217
    Anu 101 Brahmanism is devoid of value without devotion 219
    Anu 102 Bhakti surpasses karma 220
    Anu 103 Bhakti surpasses yoga 222
    Anu 104 Bhakti surpasses jnana 222
    Bhakti subdues the Lord 224
    Anu 105 Jnana cannot be accomplished without bhakti 225
    Taking shelter of the complete whole (Anu 106-107) 249
    Anu 106 One should not seek shelter in any partiality 249
    Brahman and Siva should be worshiped as Vaisnavas 251
    Nondistinction relates to undifferentiated awareness 252
    Vaisnavas acknowledge distinction, not merely oneness 253
    Incidental worship of Bhagavan through Siva 254
    Worship of Visnu distinguished from that of Siva 256
    Allowances for the worship of other gods 258
    Krsna is not attained through independent worship of other gods 259
    One should not disrespect the devas 260
    Disrespect of Siva is a severe offence 261
    One should not disrespect any living being 262
    Worship performed by neophytes 263
    Malice is reprehensible 264
    The neophyte's worship has utility 266
    One should abandon the separatist mentality 267
    The highest stage of awareness 268
    Devotees naturally honor all beings 270
    All is included within worship of the complete whole 271
    Anu 107 The nature of the entity of highest shelter 273
    Bhakti is intrinsic duty (Anu 108-113) 284
    The defect of nondevotion (Anu 108-110)
    Anu 108 Wastage of human potentiality 284
    Anu 109 Absence of virtue 285
    Anu 110 Disregard for the sage void of devotion 286
    The mystery of dharma hidden even from the sage 287
    Devotion meets the criteria of perpetuity (Anu 111-113)
    Anu 111 Devotion surpasses yoga 289
    Devotion is the intrinsic duty of all 289
    The defect of nonfulfillment of intrinsic duty 290
    Anu 112 Bhakti continues even at the stage of liberation 293
    Anu 113 Bhakti is incumbent even upon the gods 294
    The Bhagavata discloses bhakti's essential
    nature as complete methodology (Anu 114-120)
    Anu 114 Bhakti established through the six criteria of scripture 310
    Anu 115 Bhakti is one of the ten primary subjects of the Bhagavata 314
    Bhakti is the import of the four seed verses of the Bhagavata 315
    Definitive character of true methodology 316
    Approval by affirmation and negation 316
    Universal pervasion of bhakti 317
    Bhakti lends perfection even to grammar 323
    Timelessness of bhakti 323
    The pointlessness of nondevotion 325
    Bhakti affirmed for all time and space 327
    Only bhakti meets the criteria of true methodology 328
    Anu 116-119 The Bhagavata was manifested to reveal bhakti 329
    Anu 120 Even the Lord is beautified by disclosing devotion 331
    Chapter 2
    The Nature of Bhakti (Anu 121-164)
    Purifying power of devotion (Anu 121-130) 347
    Anu 121 Devotion is the sole requirement for all 347
    Bhakti destroys inauspiciousness 349
    Bhakti removes all obstacles 349
    Anu 122 Even the beginning devotee is unobstructed 351
    Anu 123-124 Bhakti removes all fear 352
    Anu 125-126 Bhakti destroys all sins 353
    Anu 127 Bhakti surpasses jnana in purification of sin 356
    Bhakti is direct purification, not a device of atonement 357
    Anu 128 Bhakti destroys even manifest reactions (prarabdha) 357
    Anu 129 Bhakti purifies the heart of desire 360
    Anu 130 Bhakti dispels ignorance 361
    Nourishing power of devotion (Anu 131-132) 365
    Anu 131 Bhakti nourishes all 365
    Anu 132 Bhakti bestows virtue and bliss 366
    Bhakti is nirguna (Anu 133-138) 376
    Anu 133 Even karma offered to the Lord is saguna 376
    Anu 134 Knowledge of Bhagavan is nirguna 377
    Knowledge of Brahman is saguna 380
    Knowledge and action are potencies belonging to Paramatma 382
    Anu 135 The residence of Bhagavan is nirguna 384
    Anu 136 Action for Bhagavan is nirguna 386
    Anu 137 Faith that impels devotion is nirguna 386
    Anu 138 Dharma rooted in Bhagavan is nirguna 387
    Bhakti is a unique aspect of the internal potency
    (Anu 139-144)
    Anu 139 Bhakti is self-manifest 393
    Anu 140 Bhakti is blissful 394
    Anu 141 Bhakti bestows love of God 395
    Anu 142 Bhakti is the supreme aspect of the delight-giving potency 397
    Anu 143 Bhakti magnifies the Lord's inherent bliss 398
    Anu 144 The Lord is the sole cause of devotion 399
    Bhakti bestows inconceivable results (Anu 145-148) 410
    Anu 145 Bhakti is the sole basis of God realization 410
    Anu 146 Bhakti enables one to attain the Lord 410
    Anu 147 Even sadhana-bhakti captivates the Lord 411
    Anu 148 Bhakti promotes even karma to the level of supreme dharma 415
    Bhakti transports a devotee beyond the jurisdiction of Yama 415
    Participation once in bhakti opens to perfection
    (Anu 149-164)
    Anu 149-150 The power of a single act of devotion 444
    Anu 151 Bhakti remains potent under all circumstances 446
    Even indirect devotion brings about perfection 449
    Anu 152 Even a semblance of devotion transports one to the abode of God 450
    Anu 153 Even as offence bearing a semblance of devotion carries power 452
    The glories of bhakti are real 453
    Offences obstruct devotion 454
    Repetition prescribed to eliminate offences 456
    Five effects of offences 457
    Anu 153-154 Crookedness 458
    Anu 155-156 Faithlessness 459
    Anu 157 Distraction 461
    Anu 158 Sometimes the Lord provokes one through desire 462
    Anu 159 Slackening of devotion 462
    Pride 164
    Anu 159-160 A single act of devotion bears fruit in the offenceless heart 464
    Anu 161 Direct vision of the Lord is positive attainment of His abode 465
    Anu 162 Ajamila's first utterance of the names was effective 466
    Anu 163-164 Bhakti manifests results in proportion to a devotee's qualification 468
    Chapter 3
    Unalloyed Devotion Culminates
    in Natural Attraction (Anu 165-178)
    The exclusivity of devotion (Anu 165-169) 480
    Anu 165 Direct devotion is the ultimate shift in awareness 480
    Unalloyed devotion entails freedom from extraneous desire 482
    Anu 166 The Lord and the devotee are desireless 483
    Anu 167 Worship is for the benefit of the worshiper 484
    Anu 168 Devotion tainted with desire is mere show 485
    Anu 169 Devotion constituted of nine limbs is the methodology 488
    Assessment of devotion through the eligibility of its
    performers (Anu 170-176)
    Anu 170 Three methods to shift awareness 511
    Anu 171 Sources of eligibility 512
    Anu 172 Faith: The sole requirement for unalloyed devotion 514
    General devotion is independent of faith 516
    Faith is an attribute of the performer 518
    Universal autonomy of devotion 518
    Characteristics of the candidate eligible for devotion 519
    Non-indulgence in the profane 519
    Anu 173 Jnana and bhakti are independent of karma 522
    Faith in bhakti concludes the jurisdiction of karma 522
    Surrender: The symptom of faith in ananya-bhakti 524
    Symptoms of faith in bhakti 526
    True faith and conventional faith 528
    Eligibility and ineligibility to give up karma 531
    Anu 174-175 Karma can become a means to shift awareness 532
    Anu 176 Three manifestations of the Absolute realized through awareness and devotion 534
    Bhakti includes and surpasses jnana 538
    Defects in worship of the qualified aspect 539
    Unalloyed devotion is absolute methodology 540
    Devotion born of natural attraction is true methodology (Anu 177-178) 546
    Anu 177 Devotion born of natural attraction transcends sin and piety 546
    Anu 178 Bhakti is the natural methodology for living beings 547
    The living being is a part of Paramatma 548

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