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Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva
Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva
Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva
Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva
Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva
Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva
Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva
Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva
Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva
Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva
Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva

Rajadharma in Mahabharata with Special Reference to Santi-Parva

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  • SKU: NAO070
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Description

Specifications:

  • Dimensions:9.0 inch X 6.0 inch
  • Edition:2018
  • Author:Priyanka Pandey
  • Publisher:D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
  • ISBN:9788124608012
  • Cover Type:Hardcover
  • Number of Pages:265
  • About the Book

    The idea of politics hardly finds an expression elsewhere as clearly as in Mahabharata. This work thus investigates the political thought explicit in Santi-Parva and emphasizes that Mahabharata is a text in the study of politics, apart from the perception of it being a great epic and a text of high literary value. Whatever be the notion of politics we contemplate upon, it finds an articulation in Mahabharata. As the Greek tradition of thinking is the base of Western politics, Santi-Parva of Mahabharata represents the Indian notion of political thinking, though there remain many similarities and dissimilarities between the two systems.

    This volume navigates one to how to read Mahabharata as a political text; the idea of political thoughts, the constituting principles of politics and the political institutions in Santi-Parva: and the relevance of these political thoughts in modern time. Topics such as dandaniti, origin of state, the seven elements of state, functions of state, types of state, kinship, judiciary and administration are discussed in detail, among many other issues of political importance.

    The book collects, analyses and examines the internal evidences from Santi-Parva and also from other parvans of Mahabharata to reach a decisive conclusion, making the work a composite result of textual analysis, related literature and subjective contemplation. It clearly shows that the idea of politics is not separated from the idea of ethics. Rather they are intertwined.

    About the Author

    Dr Priyanka Pandey is an upcoming Sanskrit scholar with a penchant for serious researches on Indian classics. She got her PhD for the thesis, Perspectives of Rajadharma in Mahabharata: A Critical Analysis from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. This book Rajadharma in Mahabharaia with Special Reference to Santi-Paroa is an offshoot of her research project.

    Dr Pandey has presented articles in many national and international seminars and has ten articles published in journals/ books of repute to her credit.

    Preface

    Mahabharata is a huge monument of Sanskrit literature. It is generally considered as a literary text and is one of the two great epics of lndia. It is the encyclopedia of ancient India as it deals with different subjects in different contexts. It was enlarged at different periods by persons of different regions, time and mentalities. It occupies an important place in Indian tradition. Its importance lies in the fact that it has summarized the views of Indian political thinkers and further, its writers have discussed numerous political problems in detail and supplies various problems regarding the relation between man and state. Many scholars have tried to study the political ideas contained in Mahabharata, many books have come to light dealing with the same subject. The idea of politics hardly finds an expression elsewhere as clearly as in Mahabharata. The present work, in this regard is a modest attempt in the same direction. The purpose of the present work is to investigate the political thought in Santi-Parva of Mahabharata. The focus is to carve out the idea of the politics in the text. As we know in recent debates on the idea of the politics there are several positions like modernist and postmodernist.

    One suggests that political defines the activities related to the statecraft, whereas the other proposes to take over personal as political. The main intention here is to make an intervention in the contemporary debate from the point of view of Sanskrit knowledge tradition. There are scholars in the West who have recently started exploring the political dimension of this knowledge system, however, their inability to comprehend the larger canvas of Sanskrit knowledge system fails them in such an endeavour. This book anchors itself in longer context of Indian philosophy and tries to read the political context of the text, which is considered merely as a religion or a literary text.

    The aim of this work is show that Mahabharata, apart from being an epic, is also a text in the study of politics. Whatever notion of politics we take, there is a possibility to find good amount of resources in Mahabharata to articulate an Indian notion in this field. By comparing the notion of politics in the West, taking mainly the Greek tradition of thinking represented by Aristotle, and the Indian tradition represented by Santi-Parva of Mahabharata, I would like to argue that there are many similarities and dissimilarities between the two. Our central aim is to show that the idea of politics is not separated from the idea of ethics. The point perhaps will become clear if we explore the way these institutions are conceptualized. Therefore it is highly essential to study the notion of politics in Mahabharata in the present context. The major focus areas of this work are:

    I. Read Mahabharata as a political text
    2. Idea of political thoughts in Santi-Parva 3.Constituting principles of politics in Santi-Parva 4. Political institutions in Santi-Parva Relevance of these political thoughts in modern time. The work has adopted the following methods in its course of delineation:

    1. It has tried to interpret the original Sanskrit text, Santi-Parva in relation to its political thinking.

    2. Beside this, other writings on Indian political thoughts are also taken into account, via books, journals, articles, etc.

    3. This work is focused on both the primary and secondary writings on Mahabharata, by enquiring the basic political principles in Santi-Parva.

    4. It produces a comparative and critical study of the political thoughts in Mahabharata with the modern politics, finding its place in the history of political thought.

    Sources

    For the present work, the following sources have been utilized. Mahabharata (Critical Edition), ed. V.S. Sukthankar, Poona, Bhandarakar Oriental Research Institute, 1933-66.

    (The complete edition of Mahabharata (18 parvas, 89,000 verses in the constituent text and elaborate critical apparatus; 19 volumes; no. of pages: 13,000 + demi quarto size) was released on 22 September 1966. This edition was prepared with painstaking efforts of scholars for about five decades consulting 1,259 manuscripts.)

    Mahabharata (6 volumes in Hindi and Sanskrit), ed. Pandit Ramanarayana Dutt Shastri Pandey, Gita Press, Gorakhpur, 1980.

    Other secondary sources consist of Bharatabhava-Dipika, Nilakantha's commentary on the epic, different translations of, and general works on Mahabharata, Some other books like Ramayana, Manu-Smrti, Kamandakiya Nitisara and Sukra-Nitisdra have also been taken into account. Many books on political science have also been referred. And the writings of Indian and Western scholars have also been consulted. At some places archaeological, numismatic and epigraphic evidences have been used.

    Beside the utilization of the secondary sources, attempt has been made to go through the reviews both of the occidentalists as well as of the oriental lists. A glance at the reviews of the books has helped in two ways. One, it has given information about the limitations as pointed out by the reviewers in the scholarly works, and two, it also has made the researcher balanced in thought and meditation on the discussed problems. Hence the chapter-wise analysis of the topic has been made.

    Contents

      Preface vii
      List of Tables and Figures xv
      Map of Bhariitavarsa in the Mahiibharata period xvi
      Abbreviations xvii
      Transliteration Key xviii
      Acknowledgements xix
    1 Mahabharata : An Introduction 1
      Authorship of Mahabharata 6
      Date of Mahabharata 8
      Contents in Mahabharata 12
      Commentators on Mahabharata 17
      Devabodha 18
      Vaisampayana 18
      Vimalabodha 18
      Sarvajftanarayana 18
      Caturbhuja Misra 18
      Anandapiirna V idyasagara 19
      Arjuna Misra 19
      Narayana 19
      Vadiraja 19
      Nilakantha 19
      Important Sanskrit Recensions and 20
      Editions of Mahabharata  
      Mahabharata in Other Indian Languages 21
      Earlier Works On Mahabharata 23
      Santi-Parva of Mahabharata 29
      Contents in Santi-Parva 31
    2 Politics in Western Tradition 37
      Theoretical Aspect 45
      Foundations of State 45
      The Theory of Divine Origin of the State 47
      Force Theory 49
      The Social Contract Theory 51
      Patriarchal and Matriarchal Theories 56
      Evolutionary Theory 58
      Stages in Development of the State 59
      Practical Aspect: Political Institutions 59
      The State 59
      Population 65
      Territory 67
      Government 70
      Sovereignty 71
      Theories of State Function 71
      Idea of Liberalism 72
      Political Ideas in Siinti-Parva 77
      The Background 77
      Dandaniti 79
      Nltisastra 80
      Arthasastra 81
      Rajyasastra 82
      Rajaniti 82
      Rajadharma 82
    3 Political Ideas in Santi-Parva 92
      Origin of Politics 95
      Subject Matter of Dandanlti 99
      I mportance of Dandaniti 102
      State 105
      Theory Of the Origin Of State 106
      Ends and Functions of State 108
      Constituents Of The State 108
      Svami (King) 111
      Amatya (minister) 114
      Kosa (Treasury) 116
      Janapada (Territory) 117
      Durga (Fort) 118
      Allies (Friends) 121
      Danda (Military) 125
    4 Interstate Relations and Forms of Government 129
      Interstate Relations 129
      Concept of Mandala in Santi-Parva 129
      Classification of States and Six Expedients of Foreign Policy 131
      Sandhi (treaty and alliance) 132
      Vigraha (war) 133
      Yatra or Yana 134
      Asana 134
      Sarnsraya 135
      Dvaidhibhava or the dual course of action 136
      The Fourfold Foreign Policy 136
      Diplomatic Agents 138
      Ambassadors 138
      Spies 140
      Types and Forms of Government 141
      Classification Of Government In Mahabharata 142
      Monarchical States 143
      Anarch i cal Stales 146
      Ganarajya 147
      Aristotle's Classification of Government 152
      Conclusion 154
    5 Judiciary and Ethical Concepts 156
      Judiciary 156
      Justice according to Plato and Aristotle 157
      Judiciary in Mahabharata 161
      RAJADHARMA IN MAHA.BHARATA  
      Orgainzations of Judiciary 169
      Code conduct of Judges 171
      Legal procedure 172
      Danda (Punishment) in theory and practice 173
      Ethical Concepts 178
      Ethics In Santi-Parva 181
      Varying Interpretation of Dharma 182
      Sources of Dharma 184
      Forms of Dharma 185
      Sadbarana-Dharma (Universal Moral Code) 186
      Visista-Dharma 191
      Varna-Dharma 191
      Asrama-Dharma 193
    6 Conclusion 199
      Bibliography 210
      Index 228

     










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