Yogavaasishta is a treasure house of the ancient Indian philosophical wisdom. It offers logical and practical answers to questions like: What is Mind? What is world? What is the purpose of existence? What is Brahman?
It is a poetic classic by the Sage Valmiki explaining the nature of The Supreme Self expounded in his own inimitable and graceful way as a Discourse between Maharshi Vasishta and Lord Sri Rama.
The present volume, “Musing on Yogavaasishta” – IV (The Calm Down), is a presentation by Brahmasri Kuppa Venkata Krishna Murthy, the Vidyadhikari of Avadhoota Datta Peetham, Mysore and forms a part of his lectures on “Yogavaasishta” telecast by Gemini T.V. in Telugu. This volume is a rendering of the same into English by Dr. Vemuri Ramesam. In it:
The 5000 stanzas of the fifth chapter on The Calm Down (Upasama) have been ably condensed and lucidly expained in simple words.
Possible methods of alleviation from the state of Bondage and annulment of mind are described through the stories of Jamaal, Bali, Prahlada, Uddlaka, Gadhi, Suraghu, Parigha and others.
A Glossary of Vedantic Words is given.
The series of my Discourses on Yogavaasishta being televised by the Gemini T.V. for the last four years as well as the two earlier books published in Telugu and English based on these talks have received an overwhelming response from the public. I am particularly pleased to note that there are, amongst them, many young men and women, natives and NRIs, who are attracted by the subtle and straightforward logical approach adopted by Yogavaasishta in establishing the illusory nature of the world.
I present to you now the book on the Fourth Chapter of Yogavaasishta as Part IV: Calmdown.
Dr. D. R. Rao and his wife, Srimati Vijaya Rao who kindly supported the publication of English and Telugu versions of the earlier volumes are funding the publication of Part III too and benevolently making it available to the devotees on the occasion of the 64''‘ birthday of Jagadguru, Parama Pujya Shri Ganapati Sachchidananda Swamiji. May the unlimited grace of the Reverend Guru be with this noble family, their children and their future generations!
Dr. Vemuri Ramesam, a senior reputed scientist was kind to render into English this third Part of the series, diligently going through each of I the words with me for clarity for readers in English. Dr. V.S.R. Moorty, a reputed chemical Engineer and a Philosopher has kindly gone through the draft version. May both of them and their families be blessed by the benevolence of Respected Guru Shri Ganapati Sachchidananda Swamiji to enable them in experiencing the final goal of all Knowledge!
We presented the transliterated version of original Sanskrit slokas whenever they were quoted using the Itranslator of the Omkarananda Ashram, Rishikesh, 249192, Uttaranchal, India. The software is simple to operate and those desiring to have the slokas in Devnagari script can print using the transliterated text. Itranslator is downloadable from their website: wvw.omkarananda—ashram.org. We express our gratitude to Omkarananda Ashram for the software.
Some writers referred to acquiring Vedantic knowledge from scriptural texts as “Jnana'' and experiential understanding of the same as Vijnana, while others considered knowledge dealing with material objects as ''Vijnana'' (Science) and the Knowledge that leads a person 4 to liberation as ''Jnana''. All such apparently contradictory usages of the words arose because, in a sense, ''Vijnana” itself manifests as Jnana and Jnana manifests as “Vijnana '' and both knowledge and realization become one and the same in the end. Inspired by Reverend Guru Shri Ganapati Sachchidananda Swamiji who understood this secret, I have become instrumental in establishing the Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas (I- SERVE) with the aim of understanding the Supreme through a study of the physical principles. For those interested, details with respect to I-SERVE are appended to this Preface.
I am including the introductory note of mine written for Part I — Vairagya and Mumukshu Prakaranas in this book. I trust the readers will get an overall idea of the original Yogavaasishta from this.
As a matter of fact, I too was a listener to the discourses! I too am a reader of these compilations!! It is some one residing in me that makes me speak and pushes my pen to scribble!!! I pray to our Reverend Guru Sri Ganapathi Sachchidananda Swamiji to bless us all so that we will have an experiential understanding of the compassion of that One!
Why should one muse over a book?
To see clearly what is hidden in the heart of the author.
Why does an author hide his heart'?
He does so to make it more luminous for those who find. So the poet hides his heart in the petals of words and not in the iron boxes
His heart should reach the readers, but only to those who strives to get it. This is the view of great poets! It is the inner vision in their creation.
Though my effort in writing ‘Yogavaasishta’ is not considerable, it is through the grace of my revered Sadguru Sri Ganapathi Sachchidananda Swamiji that the heart of the Sage Poet Valmiki has been revealed to me without much effort and it continued to be the feeling in the throughout the exercise. It is my fortune. The Gemini TV Serial telecast of the discourses on ‘Yogavaasishta’ enabled me to share my musings with my brother readers.
The Great Poet Kalidas Said: ''Madhumaya Phaniteenaam Marghadarsi Maharshih'' — the paths shown by Maharshi Valmiki are blended with honey. It is truer in respect of Vasishta Ramayana than the original Ramayana.
It might not be very difficult even for an ordinary poet to have his creation invested with a sense of fulfillment when he selected such a person as Sri Rama as the hero of his subject and the annihilation of Ravana as the central theme. But, with sheer philosophy as the crux of the subject and packing it with subtle and scientific arguments, stretching it to 32000 verses, and maintaining its poeticality has been possible only to Sage Poet Valmiki. So far none has been there to compete with him and fulfill such a task. Perhaps none might be there in future too.
Having got the perception with the blessings of my revered master, I began eagerly to search for the ‘heart’ of the great poet. In this respect, Paramahamsa Sri Samadaananda Bodhendra Saraswathi came to my rescue again and again. His commentary, “Taatparya Prakaasa” enabled me to have the fruits and the essence of ‘Yogavaasihta’. It is with this strength that I could gain access to the heart of Yogavaasishta.
|2.||Valmiki’s Narrative Skills||3|
|3.||What Originates and Grows is merely the Mind||7|
|4.||Know that You are not the ‘Doer’||11|
|5.||The Song of Saints (Siddha Gita)||12|
|7.||Giving up Desires – Contemplation-based and Wisdom-based Approaches||26|
|8.||The Story of Punya and Paavana (A Discussion on Relationships)||31|
|9.||The Story of Emperor Bali||38|
|10.||Discussion on Consciousness||45|
|11.||The Story of Prahlada||53|
|12.||The Course of Liberation and Need for Demons||58|
|13.||Residual Impressions of Jivanmuktas||65|
|14.||The Story of Sage Gadhi||70|
|15.||A Disrupted Dream||74|
|16.||Dream Proved to be True||77|
|17.||Which part was Reality and Which Part was Fancy?||81|
|18.||Was not my Dream Exclusively Mine?||87|
|19.||Was it a Dream or Magic?||93|
|20.||Gadhi’s Story Revisited||97|
|21.||Control of Mind is True Meditation||107|
|22.||Story of Uddalaka||111|
|23.||The Yoga of Aum||113|
|24.||The State of “Common Beingness”||119|
|25.||Meditation-centered and Transaction-centered Knowledge||124|
|26.||Black Pepper Seed||128|
|27.||Story of Suraghu||131|
|28.||Could Knowledge by Permanent?||134|
|29.||Story of Bhaasa and Vilaasa||138|
|31.||Various Names of Mind||141|
|32.||Ending Mind through Yoga||147|
|33.||Ending Mind through Knowledge||151|
|34.||Similarity of Time and Space||152|
|35.||A Dream within a Dream – Fancy within a Fancy||158|
|36.||Ending Mind with and without Retention of Form||163|
|37.||Seeds of the Tree of Phantasmagoria||165|
|38.||Getting Rid of the Seed of Phantasmagoria||171|
|39.||Review of the Chapter: The Calm Down (Upasama) of Yogavaasishta||176|