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Introduction To Vedanta

Introduction To Vedanta

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  • SKU: NAD082
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  • Publishers: Vision Books
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Description

Specifications:

  • Dimensions:8.5 inch X 5.5 inch
  • Edition:2011
  • Author:Swami Dayananda
  • Publisher:Vision Books
  • ISBN:8170942896
  • Cover Type:Paperback
  • Number of Pages:120
  • Publisher's Note

    Swami Dayananda Saraswati is a traditional teacher of Vedanta, the teaching og the Knowledge of Self found in the Upanisads at the end of the Veda. In addition to giving public talks, Swami Dayananda conducts comprehensive residential courses in Vedanta and sanskrit from time to time, training other teachers to carry on the tradition of teaching , swamji teaches his courses in English but uses texts printed in the original Sanskrit. He introduces and defines, as needed, technical Sanskrit words, helpful in grasping the subject matter, and frequently redefines them until they become familiar. This book is based on the opening talks given by Swami Dayananda at the start of a 3-year course in November 1979, at Piercy, California. The first text studied at this course was Tattvabodha, a simple textbook of definitions, comprising an outline of Vedanta. Swamiji’s introductory talks were aimed at helping the new students discover the nature of the fundamentals human problem. Barbara Thornton compiled, abridged, and edited the talks, Laurel Elkjer, Mahadevan Embrathiry, Diane Piskulic and Ruth Greenfeld addicted in editorial review and proofreading.

    Back of the Book

    We spend all our lives in the pursuit of varied pleasures, wealth and fame expecting these will give us total fulfillment. Yet , each moment of joy is only that: momentary, showing up the rest of our lives to be unsatisfying, somehow lacking and incomplete. On the other hand, Vedanta, the body of knowledge found at the end of the Veda, asserts with breathtaking boldness that one’s true nature is completeness and limitlessness. Vedanta also promises that moksa, liberation from all forms of limitations that seem to bind a human being, is possible here and now.

    In this lucid, lively introduction to Vedanta, Swami Dayananda shows how man’s constant struggle to overcome these limitations through the ceaseless pursuit of security and pleasure are pre-destined to failure for the simple reason that they are misdirected; they stem from a failure in understanding the real nature of the fundamental problem itself. All effort howsoever great or unremitting being limited, the result of such effort is also bound to be equally limited, inadequate. The road to freedom from limitation, then can scarcely lie that way indeed, asserts Vedanta, it is only to be found in the correct knowledge of one’s true nature as absolute. This vital first step, a clear understanding of man’s fundamental problem of ignorance and error about his real nature is what this book is all about.

    CONTENTS

    Publisher’s Note viii
    1. HUMAN PURSUITS
    The Four Categories of Human effort 1
    The Endless search for Security: artha 2
    The Mercurial Nature of Pleasure: Kama 3
    Human Choice Requires Special Standards 5
    Animals Need No Ethics 6
    Sources of Ethic s:Commonsense 7
    Interpretation of Ethical Mandates 7
    To be Ethical is to be Fully Human 8
    What Religious Ethics Add 9
    The Religious Ethics Called dharma 10
    The Ranking of the Fourfold Struggle 11
    “Falling into Place”: moksa 11
    2. THE FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEM
    The Locus of Error 13
    The Self-Judgement of Inadequacy 15
    The Attempt for Completeness through Change 16
    Personal Values Determine Types of Changes 18
    Attitude towards Change 19
    Gain through Change Always Involves Loss 20
    Fickle Pleasure 22
    Recognition of the Fundamental Problem 23
    The Analysis of Experience 24
    Inadequacy is Centred on Oneself 25
    Insight into Adequacy : the Norm for Self-Judgement 27
    The Direct Search for Freedom from Inadequacy 28
    3. THE INFORMED SEEKER
    The Futile Solution 30
    The Experience of Adequacy 31
    Distinguishing Knowledge and Experience 32
    Inquiry into the Nature of Oneself : atma – vicara 34
    Analysis of the Search for Adequacy 35
    The Nature of Achievement 37
    The Gain of the Already-Achieved 39
    Freedom from Inadequacy : an Already Achieved Goal 41
    The Informed Seeker 42
    4. IGNORANCE AND KNOWLEDGE
    Everyone is Born Ignorant 46
    The Shedding of Ignorance 46
    Connections: sambandha 48
    Objects are Known through Perception 49
    The Means of Knowledge Must be Appropriate 49
    Inferences are Perception-Based 50
    Intellectual Knowledge is Inferential Knowledge 52
    Knowledge is Not Created 52
    Valid Knowledge 53
    Perception is Useless for Knowing Oneself 54
    The Need for Knowledge of Oneself 57
    The Means to Gain Knowledge of Oneself 57
    For knowledge of Oneself, Go to a Qualified Guru 59
    Indirect and Direct Knowledge from Words 63
    The words of the Guru give Direct Knowledge of the Self 64
    5. THE TEACHER
    The Gain of Adequacy Requires Knowledge, Not action 66
    Words, a Valid Means of Knowledge 67
    The story of the Tenth Man 68
    The problem when the Seeker is the Sought 71
    Teaching through Words in a Context 73
    General Knowledge and Particular Knowledge 73
    Self-ignorance is not Total Ignorance of Self 74
    What the Teacher Must Know 76
    The Teacher should know Adequacy as Himself 77
    Inadequate Teaching Can Make the Problem Worse 80
    The Teachers must Demolish Wrong Conclusions 83
    Both Self Knowledge and Methodology are Needed 84
    The Traditional Teaching of Self-Knowledge is Called Vedanta 87
    6. THE TEXT
    The Two Sections of the Veda 90
    The Variety of Action 91
    The Role of Scriptures 92
    Knowledge of the Subtle Results of Action 92
    Knowledge of Heaven 93
    Knowledge of Rituals 96
    “How to” Knowledge is not an End in Itself 97
    Knowledge as an End in Itself 99
    Special Name for End of the Veda Justified 100
    The Student of the Karmakanda 101
    The Student of Vedanta 102
    Words are Means of Knowledge in Both Sections of the Veda 104
    The Words of Vedanta Give Direct Knowledge of Oneself 105
    Handling the Words of Vedanta 107
    The Mind Must be Attentive 108
    The Proof of Vedanta 110
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