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From Devotion to Total Surrender: Saranagati Yoga (In the Light of Indian Philosophy)

From Devotion to Total Surrender: Saranagati Yoga (In the Light of Indian Philosophy)

  • SKU: NAD375
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  • Publishers: D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
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  • Dimensions:8.5 inch X 5.5 inch
  • Edition:2012
  • Author:T. K. Sribhashyam
  • Publisher:D. K. Printworld Pvt. Ltd.
  • ISBN:8124606374
  • Cover Type:Paperback
  • Number of Pages:374
  • About The Book

    The volume is a comprehensive work on bhakti yoga or bhakti marga, seen as the direct path to perfection, the principal means to the progressive perfection of the soul.

    The book begins with a detailed study of the origin of bhakti in the Vedas and its understanding in the Brahmanas, Aranyakas, the Upanisads and the Puränas, and other works. It attempts to approach bhakti representation of God in the created world and devotion without religious convictions. It throws light on mans need to develop such devotion through absolute self-surrender to God. The bhakti concept in Vedanta is explored In-depth by referring to Vedanta schools of Adi añkara, Bhäskara Bhatta, Rämanuja, Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Alvar Saints of south India and the concept of devotion of Arial. Quoting from the thoughts of diverse bhakti saints of India, it explores the bhakti devotion in civism referring to Jiva as the Supreme God and the concept of akin, aspects relating to moral responsibilities, bondage and liberation, and the doctrine of Satstha. The emphasis is on Ramanuja’s teachings on bhakti: his understanding of the Absolute, jnana and consciousness, jiva and atm7, time and spiritual consciousness. There is a chapter that provides a practical approach to bhakti thought, for instance, ways of developing consciousness of it and non-meditative forms of bhakti.

    Mr. T.K. Sribhashyam, son of Shri T. Krishnamacharya, obtained his Masters degree in accountancy as well basin Hindu philosophy. He also received intensive lessons on yoga philosophy, and Indian psychology. He is the Head of all Yogakshemam schools in Europe. Two of his books in English viz. Blissful Experience, Bhakti - - Quintessence of Indian Philosophy and Way to Liberation — an Itinerary in Indian Philosophy have appeared from India in 2012.

    Mrs. Alamelu Sheshadri, second daughter of Shri T. Krishnamacharya, is graduated from Mysore University. Shri T. Krishnamacharya initiated her to Yajurveda, taught her all major Upanisads, Brahmasutras and the Bhagavad-Gtta in the, traditional way. He also trained her in yoga, both practically and philosophically. From 1985 until 1989 she continued studying many philosophical subjects, especially Viitadvaita.



    We meditate on that Supreme One, who has the neck and face of a horse, who has a radiant, blemish-free crystal body, who is the embodiment of Divine Knowledge and Bliss, and who is the support of all branches of learning.

    An invocation to Lord Hayagriva,

    — the God of knowledge and wisdom

    WORLDLY comforts and pleasures are not the means of happiness. Today we have in plenty all the needs of comfort and happiness, far more than our ancestors had. Yet, we are not better off than generations before. Even though the means of happiness have increased manifold over the century, our happiness has not increased. Our ancestors were happy, not because they had more objects of pleasure or fewer causes of trouble, but because they could preserve the steadiness of their mind, which gave them peace, contentment and happiness.

    Devotion is not developed in one day. It takes several years to cultivate it, which would make God dwell in our heart. Even if it appears difficult to kindle and nurture, it is the one quality any human being can acquire. Sex, creed, language, nationality, profession, poverty, wealth, nothing will stand in the way of human being developing this emotion by which he can make his heart the abode of God.

    There are different categories of devotees who gained liberation. Some gained it through worshipping their spiritual master, others through worship and service to devotees, yet others through pilgrimage, some others through the worship of divine representation, and still others through reading sacred God does not look into the act, but into the love behind it. He does not go by the acts but looks into the hearts of the devotees texts. But they all had one device in common: the path of love. And finds out that the love throbbing in them was the same, no more, no less.

    Man’s highest duty in life is to practice devotion to the Supreme, by whatever name one may call. All are eligible to practice devotion; the only qualification is an unfailing faith in Him. God is same to all, and he who takes refuge in Him, gets Him, while he who keeps aloof, excludes himself from God.

    One who knows the itinerary can guide us in the right direction to reach the destination. Our father, Sri T. Krishnamacharya, infused Bhakti in his children and in his disciples from the beginning of their studies under him. His grace and God’s blessings have helped us to undertake this work. It is our sincere hope and the earnest prayer that it will lead the readers on their path of bhakti to know the Supreme.

    In the name of God, we dedicate this work to all travelers on the path of bhakti to know the Supreme Being.

    In a work on Hinduism, it is unavoidable to use Sanskrit terms. The use of such terms has been minimized and the nearest English equivalent is given. An exhaustive glossary is appended. This work does fall short of the degree of excellence that it might have attained for which we request a comprehensive indulgence from the readers.

    We offer our sincere gratitude to Cornelia Hayed from Germany for the sincere interest she has taken in our writings, going through the entire work, offering useful and valuable comments and thus helping in completing the work.

    We owe our recognition to Shri Susheel K. Mittal of D.K. Print world, who took a personal interest in publishing this book.

    Without his encouraging supports perhaps, this edition would We also owe our sincere thanks to all our well-wishers who helped us, in one way or the other, in making this book come to not have appeared.

    We also owe our sincere thanks to all our well-wishers who helped us, in one way or the other, in making this book come to the light.

    Let Peace and Harmony belong to the readers.

    Oh! Almighty, from the death lead me to immortality.




      Life Sketch of Sri T Krishnamachar vii
      Genealogy xi
      Benediction by Sri B.K.S. Iyengar xiii
      Preface xv
      Presentation xix
      List of Tables and Figures xxvii
    1 Dawn Of Bhakti 1
      Origion of Bhakti in Vedas 4
      Bhakti in the Brãhmanas 11
      Vedas, Brãhanas and their Philosophy 12
      Bhakti in the Aranyakas 15
      Bhakti in the Upanishads 21
      The Concept of Bhakti in the Purnas 31
      Great Devotees of the Purãnas 37
      Prahläda 37
      Gajendra 38
      Dgryva 38
      Hanuman 40
      Bhisma 42
      Representation of God in the Created World 43
      Sandilya’s and Nãrada’s Aphorisms on Bhakti 44
      Sandilya’s View on Bhakti 46
      Närada’s View on Bhakti 50
      Añjaneya’s Devotion 55
      Devotion in Patañjali’s Yoga-Sutra 60
      Devotion Without Religious Convictions 62
    2 Way To Develop Devotion 63
      Man’s Need to Develop Devotion 66
      Vnstadvajta Vedanta Point of View 67
      Developing Devotion 1’ 69
      Developing Devotion in Absence 72
      of a Spiritual Education 77
      Absolute Self-surrender to God, Prapatti 79
    3 Concept of Bhakti In Vedanta 87
      Bhaktj in Vedanta 87
      Bhakti in Vedanta Schools 96
      Adi añkara 96
      Bhäskara Bhatta 101
      Ramánuja: Bhakti and Prapatti 102
      Bhedabheda, Dvaitädvaita of Nimbrka 108
      Dualism, Dvaita of Madhva 110
      Suddhdvaita, Pure Non-Dualism of Vallabha 112
      Caitanya Mahaprabhu 114
      The Alvärs (South Indian Vaisnava Saints) 116
      Andal’s Concept of Devotion 120
    4 Bhakti In Saivism 123
      Introduction 123
      Devotion in aivism aiva Agama 124
      Saiva Agama 126
      Siva, the Supreme 126
      The Concept of Bhakti in Kämir aivism 128
      The Concept of Bhakti in Siva Mahapuralta 129
      Moral Responsibilities 130
      Concept of Bhakti 132
      Siva Philosophy in Vayaviya Sathhitã 133
      The Supreme Soul 135
      Bondage and liberation 136
      The Four Means to attain the Supreme 136
      Specificity in the Viraaiva Practice of Devotion 137
      Righteousness in aivism, Siva Dharma 139
      Moral virtues of a Devotee 140
      Dhyana 140
      The Doctrine of Sa-sthala 142
    5 Chosen Deity, Ista Devata 146
      Spiritual Ideal 146
      Devatã 151
      Deity in Vedic Religion 152
      Deity Worship 159
      Chosen Deity, Isa Devata 162
      Role of Chosen Deity in Devotion 177
      The Universal Validity of Choosing a Deity 183
    6 Ramanuja’s Teaching Of Bhakti 193
      A Résumé of the Concept of Viiadvaita 193
      God, Brahma and Brahman 193
      The Absolute, Parabrahman 194
      Ramnuja’s view 195
      The Relation Between God and the Human Body 197
      Religion and Philosophy 200
      Jnana, Consciousness 201
      Jiva and Atma 202
      Three Grades of Jiva 202
      Time (Kala) 204
      Spiritual Consciousness (uddha Sattva) 204
      The Universality of Rämanuja’s Teaching 206
      Ramanuja’s Influence on Bhakti in India 210
      The Bhakti movement in North India 211
    7 Practical Approach To Devotion 214
      Consciousness of Devotion 215
      Developing Devotion 217
      Means of Developing Devotion 224
      Subsidiary Means 228
      The Concept of Purity in Devotion 231
      The Concept of Purity in Bhagavad-Gita 238
      Concept of Purity in Yoga-Sutra 242
      Concentration, Contemplation and Meditation in Devotion 245
      Concentration 246
      Contemplation 252
      Meditation 254
      Means to Different Stages of Devotion 275
      Precondition to Devotion 283
      Devotion as a means 287
      Obstacles to Devotion 289
      Ramänuja’s Indications for Devotional Exercises 290
      Devotion and Self-surrender 298
      Non-meditative Forms of Bhakti 301
      Ramanuja’s Guidelines 302
      Glossary 305
      Bibliography 333
      Index 339

    Sample Pages

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